Owen is one of the smartest dogs that I have ever met. He listens when people talk and understands an impressive amount of English. For all of this though, Owen lacked confidence in those around him. He had learned to rely on himself for emotional support instead and it was making him anxious about any situation that he felt he could not control. Dogs determine their place in the world based on an imaginary idea of who would win in a fight. Owen had never met anyone who he believes could make him submit so he could not trust that anyone he knew can keep his family safe from other dogs or people who he doesn’t know.
Owen is a rare case that has enough confidence in himself but none in others. One of the primary ways that domestic dogs differ from wolves and foxes is that domestic dogs look to people almost immediately when they have a problem or question, where wild dogs do not have the trust in people that is common among their relatives.
Owen had, through a series of misunderstandings, lost trust in people as a whole. Through the application of calm, assertive leadership, coupled with postures and attitudes that instill confidence he has learned to look at the world in a different way.
Owen has found his place in his family and he is a much happier dog for not having to worry about his families safety every moment of the day. He is a happier, calmer, all around more confident dog.